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ZenComplete™: Rodent Lipolysis

Lipolysis plays a central role in the regulation of energy balance. Lipolysis is the process in which triglycerides (TG) are hydrolyzed into glycerol and free fatty acids. This process releases free fatty acids (FFA) into the bloodstream where they may be either re-esterified by the adipocyte or travel to other tissues and exert other effects throughout the body. Elevated adipocyte lipolysis has been observed in obese and diabetic individuals (Arner 1996). Excessive free fatty acid production is believed to contribute to insulin resistance in skeletal muscle that is observed in obesity. Hormone sensitive lipase is the rate-limiting enzyme catalyzing triglyceride breakdown. Perilipins, one of the PAT (perilipins, adipophilin, TIP47 proteins) family of lipid-associated proteins, are implicated in adipocyte lipolysis by mediating the interaction of HSL with the triacylglycerol molecule (Brasaemle et al. 2004; reviewed in, Tansey et al. 2004.) The presence of these proteins corresponds to lipolytic stimulation in cultured adipocytes (Braemle et al. 2004).

  • Positive controls: isoproterenol (1 µM), IBMX (100µM)
  • Vehicle Control: Appropriate concentration of all solvents
  • Treatment: 3-5 hours

Treatments will be done in triplicate at concentrations indicated by contact scientists. All treatments will be for. At the end of treatment period conditioned media will be removed and glycerol concentration determined by GPO-Trinder reagent. We can offer custom assay comparison services in parallel with out human adipocyte cell system. Please inquire of our contract assay team for more information.

Rodent Lipolysis Figure 1
Figure 3T3-L1 Lipolysis: Lipolysis assays in 3T3-L1 cells grown in ZenBio media Cultures of 3T3-L1s were grown in 96 well plates using either ZenBio media (DM-2-L1 on days1-3, AM-1-L1 thereafter). On day 14, cells were washed twice with wash buffer and lipolysis was initiated by adding assay buffer containing either 0.1% vehicle control (DMSO), or 1 µM isoproterenol or 100 µM 3-isobutyl-1-methylxantine (IBMX). After incubation for 5 h in 370C, conditioned media was collected and glycerol content released to the media was assessed.

Ordering Information

Item#Item DescU/MPrice
CA-3103T3-L1 Adipocyte Lipolysis Assay (glycerol release)AssayCall
CA-3113T3-L1 Adipocyte Lipolysis Assay (free fatty acid release)AssayCall
CA-3123T3-L1 Adipocyte Lipolysis Assay (glycerol and FFA release)AssayCall
Prices for contract services vary depending on number of sample numbers, special conditions, compound solubility, etc. Minimum charges will apply. Please contact us for detailed information and a price quote on your project.

REFERENCES:

Arner P (1996) Diabetes Rev 4(4):450-463.
Brasaemle DL, Dolios G, Shapiro L, Wang R. (2004) J Biol Chem 279(45): 46835-42.
Cooper DMF, Schlegel W, Lin MC, Rodbell M. (1979) J Biol Chem 254(18):8927-8931.
Tansey JT, Sztalryd C, Hlavin EM, Kimmel AR, Londos C. (2004) IUBMB Life 56(7): 379-85.

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